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Paintings and Sculptures

Starting from paintings on rock shelters and caves Indian civilization has witnessed development of several school of paintings which were influenced by religion, the region and theit patron and the culture with with it came into contact. Accordingly we have different schools of paintings such as Mughal, Pahari, Rajasthani, Kangra etc. Each school has its own style it is important to taks note of various facts about Indian paintings also. similarly in the field of sculpture starting from the mother goddesss figurine and various seals of animals to the pillar edicts of Ashoka and the numerous stoopas built by him to th rock cut temples and monastries of Satvahanas and the Khajuraho temples of chandelas and several architectural buildings by Mughals India has a rich heritage of sculpture. While going through history it is advisable to take note of various features of Indian sculpture also. Take a short test on Indian paintings and sculpture:

1. Which Mughal ruler is credited with laying the foundation of "Mughal school of painting"?

a. Babur
b. Humayun
c. Akbar
d. Jehangir


2. The wall paintings of "Yogimara caves of Ramgarh hills" date back to

a. 2nd century
b. 3rd century
c. 4th century
d. 5th century


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3. The most popular subject of Rajasthani school of painting was?

a. Battle scenes
b. Radha and Krishna
c. Shiva and Parvati
d. Folk lore


4. Which of the following is true about Mughal school of painting?

1. Early Mughal rulers did not encourage painting
2. The foundation of Mughal school of painting was laid by Akbar
3. Mughal school of painting reached its pinnacle during the reign of Jehangir
4. Mughal school of painting had traits of Persian and Hindu style of painting a. 1, 2 and 3
b. 2, 3 and 4
c. 1, 3 and 4
d. All of the above


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5. Raja Ravi Varma, a great painter of 19th century, learnt oil painting from?

a. Rama Swamy
b. Abaindra Nath Tagore
c. Theodar Jenson
d. Rabindra Nath Tagore


6. Elephanta caves are dedicated to which God?

a. Lord Shiva
b. Lord Ganesh
c. Lord Vishnu
Lord Brahma


7.The main theme of Ajanta cave paintings is? a. Hindu Gods
b. Vaishnavism
c. Nature
d. Buddhist religious lore


8. There are four rock cut caves in Badami. which cave houses the idol of jain deities? a. 4th
b. 2nd
c. 3rd
d. 1st


9. The seven Ratha temple at Mahabalipuram was built by? a. Puleiksen
b. Narsimhavarman
c. Siva skanda varman
d. Harsha Vardhan


10. Which God figures most in the Chola sculptures? a. Vishnu
b. Brahma
c. Surya
d. Shiva


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